Doctoral Dissertation Defense
Efficiency and Power Density Improvement of Grid-Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Utilizing High Frequency-Based Power Converters
High efficiency of power converters between renewable energy sources and the utility grid is required to maximize the utilization of these sources. The power quality is another aspect that requires large passive elements (inductors, capacitors) to be placed between these sources and the grid. The main objective is to develop higher-level high frequency-based power converter system (HFPCS) that optimizes the use of hybrid renewable power injected into the power grid. The HFPCS provides high efficiency, reduced size of passive components, higher levels of power density realization, lower harmonic distortion, higher reliability, and lower cost.
The dynamic modeling for each part in this system is developed, simulated and tested. The steady-state performance of the grid-connected hybrid power system with battery storage is analyzed. Various types of simulations were performed and a number of algorithms were developed and tested to verify the effectiveness of the power conversion topologies. A modified hysteresis-control strategy for the rectifier and the battery charging/discharging system was developed and implemented. A voltage oriented control (VOC) scheme was developed to control the energy injected into the grid. The developed HFPCS was compared with other currently available power converters. The developed HFPCS was employed inside a microgrid system infrastructure connecting it to the power grid to verify its power transfer capabilities and grid connectivity. The grid connectivity tests verified these power transfer capabilities of the developed converter in addition to its ability of serving the load in a shared manner.
In order to investigate the performance of the developed system, an experimental setup for HF-based hybrid generation system was constructed. We designed a board containing a digital signal processor chip on which the developed control system was embedded. The board was fabricated, and experimentally tested. The system high precision requirements were verified. Each component of the system was built and tested separately, and then the whole system was connected and tested. The simulation and experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the developed converter system for the grid-connected hybrid renewable energy systems as well as for hybrid electric vehicles and other industrial applications.
Date: March 30, 2012
Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Time: 10:30 a.m.
Place: Room EC-3960
Major Professor: Prof. Osama Mohammed