Study of Battery Voltage Behavior Under Loading and Charging Conditions Using 3DFEM

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Study of BatteryC. R. Lashway and O. A. Mohammed, “Study of Battery Voltage Behavior Under Loading and Charging Conditions Using 3DFEM” inIEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1–5, Jun. 2017.

Abstract:

In this paper, a lithium ion cobalt polymer battery cell is modeled using 3-D finite elements (3DFE) for the study of its performance under a wide range of operating scenarios. The electrochemistry is modeled and coupled to an electromagnetic model to forecast the cell voltage overpotential as a result of charging and discharging under six current densities. To study this phenomenon, light (C/10), medium (C/2), and high (1C) charging and discharging currents are imposed at the battery terminals and compared with experimental results. The electric field inside the electrodes and electrolyte is analyzed at each case highlighting regions where loss occurs. A magnetic field analysis depicts the total electrochemical generation of current densities inside the cell while identifying how the development of gradient currents occur, a mechanism which can shorten the life span of the battery. This paper distinguishes where 3DFE analysis battery models can be useful in studying how lithium ion batteries will behave given a particular loading or a charging profile before placing them in service.
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